His arguments demonstrate his flexibility, his sense of the range of pertinent factors per the creation of confidence

His arguments demonstrate his flexibility, his sense of the range of pertinent factors per the creation of confidence

And sopra Book IV these tactics of self-definition go esatto the rebiance, the right physical context of these roles as verso nourishing solitude on the one hand, and the city with its vicious temptations as well as opportunities for practice on the other

Sopra Differentia 3, An cura sit scientia cum eius appenditiis, we find the development of an interest similar esatto Petrarch’s con the conceptual space of probability, uncertainty; and, he gives per very generous account of the classical linkages of uncertainty of domain and conjectural response that Petrarch had noted: medicine deals with the corruptible and mutable, the cure heals individual men, and does not pertain onesto universal man (5v).(21) Whether d’Abano argues for or against medicine as science, for or against medicine as mechanical art, he retains his probabilistic, particularist focus, for the tactic of conciliation defines medicine as both theory and practice. In Differentia 1 he cites medicine as scientia particularissima (4r), but this is one of a series of characterisations; medicine is also described as an art, verso habitus of right action; or, as theory, it is per science, as practice an art (6r f.)

Petrarch realised the importance of hope; d’Abano cites instances of the sick being led into convalescence through the hope of per famous doctor, and cites as well the claims that actions dependent on confidence are more efficacious than some manual, pharmacological interventions

But even more intriguing is his dialogue sopra Differentia 135, An confidentia infirmi de terapeuta conservat mediante salutem, of discursive interventions by the doctor. Like Petrarch, d’Abano explains confidence, fidanza, con terms of mind/body relations, and he utilises verso wide range of classical formulations of the intimacy of these relations as the context for practice; he cites Galen’s claim that by intervention of the mind only the body can be cured; he libretto the use of the principle of decorum: more “tender” patients are more susceptible sicuro persuasion. And, again appealing preciso decorum, he relates that the notions sited in the imagination heal more than those in the intellect, because of their particularity, as opposed to the universality of opinions. There is, of course, an insistent and useful emphasis on the corporeal contribution esatto the psychology of confidence. The intellect must abstract from the phantasy, but the phantasy is per the likeness of the corporeal, and per confidence subsisting con the intellect depends, therefore, on sense. Here he cites Aristotle: “nihil sit con intellectu quin prius fuerit con sensu.” The intellect, as more distant from sense than the imagination is less particular, and therefore less sure. But, like Petrarch, he enjoins a religious dimension; d’Abano cites Matthew as well as Aristotle: “fides abaissa te salvam fecit” (201r).(22)

Indeed, d’Abano shows himself much less hostile than Petrarch preciso the discursive interventions which address states of mind of the patient; he not only cites Galen’s Prognosticon–“he who persuades best, heals best”–but utilises classical references, sicuro be found mediante rhetorical as well as medical texts, sicuro the interactions of the body and the passiones animae; confidence is, of course, verso passio animae (201r).(23) In contrast, Petrarch rather incoherently disallows medical eloquence as dysfunctional per his letter sicuro Pope Clement VI, while recommending puro him at the end of the letter a proper frame of mind, good cheer, as conducive sicuro health.(24)

Mediante short, we could argue that d’Abano includes a rhetorical analysis, and his vital strategy is a psychological mapping onto practical effect. But a Peircian focus on the practical requires not simply taking account of the practical resonances of investigative program; rather, Peircian methodeutic, rhetorical reconstruction of inquiry requires per pragmatic account of the construction of inquiry itself, for the most important practical effects for Peirce are sopra inquiry itself, sopra the actions and revisions of action and attitude of verso community of inquirers. Peircian rhetoric would address the community as per whole, redescribing the Petrarchan confrontation with the doctors as a stage of negotiation con the construction of inquiry per general; Petrarch and his Scholastic opponents actively need each other, and interactively define themselves.(25) Book III of the Invectives, the attack on medicine and the defense from the medical attack on poetry, is an account of interactivity, an example of a specific act of self-characterisation. The Invectives show Petrarch developing and testing his identity as inquirer; the Averroists, the adultfriendfinder medici, are simply an extreme analisi, a radical occasion for Petrarchan self-construction (ICM, I, 836, 844).(26)

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